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Climate and Data Science

Modern meteorology deals not only with the study of the physics and nonlinear dynamics of the atmosphere, but also with the efficient analysis of the huge amount of information resulting from the observations and numerical simulations with global and regional climate models. Although meteorology was originally concerned with short-range prediction (1-3 days), this discipline has greatly evolved and nowadays the forecast horizons expand to seasonal prediction (predicting climate anomalies months in advance) and climate change projections (decades); in this case, the atmospheric models are coupled with other components of the climate system (ocean, land, cryosphere, biosphere). These new horizons have prompted a growing interest in climate services, which aim at developing services providing actionable regional climate information for climate prediction and projection applications in different sectors, including climate change impact and adaptaion studies.

Our research is focused both in theoretical and applied topics of this discipline, with special emphasis in regional climate variability and those aspects involved in seasonal forecasting and climate change projections. Our interests include the study of simplified atmospheric models (Lorenz-like models, barotropic vorticity model, etc.) to analyze theoretical aspects of predictability and ensemble forecasting in nonlinear spatiotemporal systems, and the numerical simulation of weather and climate at regional scale using regional atmospheric models such as the open-source WRF model (Weather Research and Forecasting, We are also involved in the analysis and postprocessing of observed and simulated climate datasets using statistical and machine/deep learning techniques. These activities include the development of efficient data processing techniques (sucas as downscaling and bias correction/adjustment) and their implementation in web portals as applications and services, so they can be used to provide actionable regional climate information for users from different sectors (agriculture, hydrology, energy, etc.). The group has also experience in data management activities and climate data services, maintaining one of the nodes of the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) providing support to CORDEX activities.

The group is internationally recognized in the topic of downscaling (using both regional climate models and statistical and machine learning techniques), and is actively involved in international activities such aCORDEX (Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment),  FAO (consulting and development of tools such as as MOSAICC) and IPCC (Task Group on Data). Moreover, the group has coordinated the development of the IPCC Interactive Atlas (http://interactive-atlas.ipcc.chin partnership with Predictia (a spin-off company of the group). 

Some recent high-impact publications of the group (notebooks and code available in the GitHub repository):

The climate and data science group collaborates (in the framework of a CSIC associated unit) with the Meteorology and Computation group of the University of Cantabria and maintains a technological alliance with the IT company Predictia (a spin-off of the group with more than 15 years of activity), collaborating in a number of research project and transfer contracts, including several contracts with the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S).

Group Projects


Group Members



JORGE LUISBAÑOMEDINAmailto: bmedina@ifca.unican.es016UCMeteorology and Data Mining117
JOAQUÍN BEDIAJIMÉNEZbediaj@ifca.unican.esUCMeteorology and Data Mining217
ANACASANUEVAVICENTEUCMeteorology and Data Mining218
EZEQUIELCIMADEVILLAÁLVAREZmailto: cimadevilla@ifca.unican.es023UCMeteorology and Data Mining182
ANTONIO S.COFIÑ 942201731010CSICMeteorology and Data Mining177
JAVIERDÍEZSIERRAmailto:diezs@ifca.unican.es018CSICMeteorology and Data Mining153
JUAN ANTONIOFERNÁNDEZDE LA GRANJAmailto: fdezja@ifca.unican.esCSICMeteorology and Data Mining187
JESÚSFERNÁNDEZFERNÁNDEZmailto: fernandej@ifca.unican.es008CSICMeteorology and Data Mining188
RODRIGO GARCÍAMANZANASUCMeteorology and Data Mining220


Group Publications model uncertainty for regional projections of precipitation with an ensemble of statistical downscaling methods2017-01-01T00:00:00.0000000ZJournal of ClimateSan-Martín D. correction and downscaling of future RCM precipitation projections using a MOS-Analog technique2017-01-01T00:00:00.0000000ZJournal of Geophysical Research: AtmospheresTurco M. of the climate in 20152016-08-01T00:00:00.0000000ZBulletin of the American Meteorological SocietyAaron-Morrison A.


  • Joint Centre with the combined effort of Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and University of Cantabria (UC)

    Instituto de Física de Cantabria
    Edificio Juan Jordá
    Avenida de los Castros, s/n
    E-39005 Santander
    Cantabria, Spain

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